The emerging threat of avian influenza essay

the emerging threat of avian influenza essay Avian influenza is an infectious disease of birds caused by type a strains of the influenza virus wild birds, predominantly ducks, geese, and shore birds, are the reservoir species for the low-pathogenic strains of avian influenza a virus (lpai) in nature.

Influenza surveillance in wild birds has established that the aquatic birds of the world are the source of influenza a viruses, which occasionally spread to domestic avian species and to mammals, including humans. Avian influenzaknown informally as avian flu or bird flu is a variety of influenza caused by the highly pathogenic influenza a virus subtype h5n1 is an emerging avian influenza virus that is causing global concern as a potential pandemicnbsp15, could avian influenza become an influenza pandemic avian influenza is a disease caused by a virus which has multiple strains or types, some of. Avian influenza avian influenza or better known as the ‘bird flu’ is an extremely infectious disease caused by a type a strain of the influenza virus first identified in italy a mere one hundred years ago, wild bird populations carry these normally non-lethal flu diseases worldwide in their intestines.

In contrast, the 1957 and 1968 pandemic influenza viruses were the products of reassortment, that is, they derived three genes from an avian influenza virus and their remaining five genes from the previously circulating human influenza viruses (wright and webster, 2001. To help with this effort, the united states agency for international development (usaid) is launching the emerging pandemic threats 2 (ept 2) program, which builds on the successes of the agency’s programs in disease surveillance, training, and outbreak response. St jude children’s research hospital scientists report that avian h2n2 influenza a viruses related to 1957-1958 pandemic infect human cells and spread among ferrets may aid identification of emerging threats st jude children’s research hospital scientists have evidence that descendants of the.

H9n2 virus is the most frequently detected avian influenza virus in chickens in china, and the detection rate of this subtype in environmental samples from live poultry markets is ≈20% during the influenza epidemic season therefore, co-infection with h7n9 and other avian influenza viruses, such as influenza a(h9n2) viruses, could, in theory. Short communication avian influenza (bird flu) an emerging threat tahseen kazmi, muhammad athar khan department of community health sciences, ziauddin medical university, karachi. Examples of eids impacting vietnam in recent years include sars in 2003, avian influenza a (h5n1) from late 2003 to the present, influenza a (h5n6), and the pandemic strain of influenza a(h1n1) in 2009. Computational analysis helps researchers understand emerging h1n1 flu strain that was a triple reassortment of avian, swine and human viruses a higher or lower threat level from the virus.

Avian influenza viruses have not yet acquired the ability to pass between humans by aerosol or droplet transmission but studies have proven that ferrets are capable of hosting both human and avian a/h5n1 viruses and have the ability to transmit human influenza viruses within their species. Hiv/aids, avian influenza, monkeypox, nipah, sars, and ebola are all the result, to a greater or lesser extent, of interactions with animals that led to the emergence and re-emergence of deadly diseases. Throughout history, nurses have played key roles in recognizing and responding to emerging disease threats across the care continuum considerable experience gained during the avian influenza outbreak informed the major roles of nurses as they managed the response to the sars outbreak. Definition of emerging viruses it is also an example of how quickly a networked health system can respond to an emerging threat h5n1 virus (avian flu) avian influenza is flu infection in birds the disease is of concern to humans, who have no immunity against it the virus that causes this infection in birds can change (mutate) to infect.

The emerging threat of avian influenza essay

Influenza a virus subtype h5n1, also known as a(h5n1) or simply h5n1, is a subtype of the influenza a virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species a bird-adapted strain of h5n1, called hpai a(h5n1) for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of type a of subtype h5n1, is the highly pathogenic causative agent of h5n1 flu, commonly known as avian influenza (bird flu. The pandemic influenza and other emerging threats (pioet) unit supports two major lines of work: h5n1 avian influenza, and emerging pandemic threats h5n1 avian i nfluenza: since 2005, usaid has strengthened the capacities of more. Influenza viruses with pandemic potential may arise in pigs, because pig cells express both human and avian influenza virus receptors, thus providing an opportunity for adaptation of avian influenza viruses, and reassortment with human viruses when they infect the same cell. A (avian flu) to z (zika) – the threat of emerging and re-emerging diseases dr jharna kumbang, consultant in communicable disease control public health england - east midlands east midlands 5 + 1 programme 2017/18 , 9th nov 2017.

The latest addition to emerging emerging subtypes of avian influenza viruses in eastern asia t he first reported appearance of a global zoonotic influenza of avian origin dates from 1996, when an latest addition to emerging zoonotic avian influenza threats in east and southeast asia. Human infections with an asian lineage avian influenza a (h7n9) virus (“asian h7n9”) were first reported in china in march 2013 annual epidemics of sporadic human infections with asian h7n9 viruses in china have been reported since that time china is currently experiencing its 6th epidemic of. The highly pathogenic h5n1 avian influenza virus, which has been circulating in poultry in parts of asia since mid-2003, has infected more than 200 humans in 10 countries, but remains primarily a disease of.

Avian influenza, also called bird flu, is an emerging epidemic disease that is highly contagious, spreads quickly and easily between domestic and wild birds, and it occasionally infects humans, although it is not passed on between humans it presents a major threat to life, economies and security. This avian influenza a(h7n3) outbreak in canada, and the avian influenza a(h5n1) outbreak in other regions of the world, further led to the development of a collaborative federal, provincial, territorial and non-governmental organization project to survey influenza a infections in wild birds across canada. The h5n1 flu is what is commonly meant when talking of bird flu or avian influenza it is a viral disease that causes illness in many species including humans and is a pandemic threat. The h5n1 strain is a fast-mutating, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (hpai) found in multiple bird species it is both epizootic (an epidemic in non-humans) and panzootic (a disease affecting animals of many species especially over a wide area.

the emerging threat of avian influenza essay Avian influenza is an infectious disease of birds caused by type a strains of the influenza virus wild birds, predominantly ducks, geese, and shore birds, are the reservoir species for the low-pathogenic strains of avian influenza a virus (lpai) in nature. the emerging threat of avian influenza essay Avian influenza is an infectious disease of birds caused by type a strains of the influenza virus wild birds, predominantly ducks, geese, and shore birds, are the reservoir species for the low-pathogenic strains of avian influenza a virus (lpai) in nature.
The emerging threat of avian influenza essay
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2018.